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Governor Cornwallis Letter

Governor Cornwallis in his letter to the Lords of Trade, dated Chebucto, 24th July, 1749, says: The number of settlers—men, women and children—is 1,400, but I beg leave to observe to your Lordships that amongst them the number of industrious, active men proper to undertake and carry on a new settlement, is very small. Of soldiers there are only 100, of tradesmen, sailors and others able and willing to work, not above 200. The rest he reports as idle and worthless, persons who embraced the opportunity to get provisions for a year without labour, or sailors who only wanted a passage to New England, and that many were sick and unfit for settlers, and many without sufficient clothing. He describes a few Swiss who were among the settlers, as regular, honest and industrious men, and observes that there are indeed, many come over of the best sort, who, though they do not work themselves, are useful in managing the rest.  I have, he says, appointed two or three of them as overseers of each ship's company. Source: (P.22) Footnote [6]; HISTORY OF HALIFAX CITY, Dr. Thomas B. Akins (1809-1891) Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1895.

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