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Lunenburg, Nova Scotia

Local Research And Bibliographic Sources

The following documents and sources were consulted in the course of research for the Heritage Resource Study.

Registry of Deeds

The Church Map 1864-83

This map of Lunenburg was produced by the A.F. Church Co. of Bedford, N.S. and appears as a large-scale inset on a Topographical Township Map of Lunen­burg County. The map shows streets and buildings and identifies each building with a name. The title block on the map states that it was "entered according to law on the 24th March, A.D. 1864" and indeed, it is often referred to as the "1864 Church Map". However, there is reason to doubt the correctness of this date. Sources at P.A.N.S.

Kenneth Paulsen, Ph.D., Publications List

‘Settlement and Ethnicity in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, 1753-1800: A History of the Foreign-Protestant Community.’ Doctoral Dissertation, University of Maine, 1996.  Unpublished manuscript is located at the New England Historic Genealogical Society.

‘New Light or No Light: The Religious Experience in Lunenburg, 1753-1790.’ In The Nova Scotia Planters in the Atlantic World, 1759-1830, edited by Stephen Henderson and Wendy G. Robicheau.  Fredericton, N.B.: Acadiensis Press, 2012.

Official Opening of Camp Norway

Official opening of Camp Norway

The camp, called Camp Norway, was officially opened on Friday, Nov 29th, 1940, and consisted of a barracks to house about 800 men located on a two-acre site on the south side of the town. Later, a mess hall, two storage buildings, a garage and a carpentry shop were added. The original buildings still exist and are owned and occupied by ABCO Industries and the metal sign over the main gate still proclaims it to be Camp Norway. The camp was primarily a Royal Norwegian Navy training depot for seamen and whalers who were being taken into the navy. Norway has compulsory military service for so most of these men had been through basic training and were listed as reservists. At the same time, merchant ships were being equipped, as fast as possible, with some armament, usually a 4-inch gun on the stern and pom-poms on the upper superstructure. Trained gunners were obviously needed and at first the gun crews on Norwegian ships were British army or navy. No doubt there was a language problem - and probably food problems as well - and Norwegian skippers were soon crying out for Norwegian gunners. Consequently, Camp Norway took on the additional task of training gunners for the merchant fleet. When the organisational dust had settled the Norwegians had established quite a presence in Nova Scotia. In Halifax there was the Royal Norwegian Naval Service at 183-189 Hollis Street, a Norwegian Health Service centre at 435 Barrington; a sick bay for minor ailments at 25 Kent Street; a seamen's home at 34 Tobin Street; and a church at 106 Dresden Row. On the South Shore there was Camp Norway itself in Lunenburg, a hospital and convalescent home in the Hackmatack Inn in Chester; an officers rest & recuperation home, and thanks to a couple of enterprising Norwegians, the Prince Olav Cafe in Lunenburg. There was also a Norwegian Club established by the Norwegian civilians. Once the Canadian government became convinced that the Norwegians could be trusted, they were allowed ashore and out of the camp. The young and fit men were absorbed by the Norwegians themselves as crew members for the converted whale catchers or merchant ships and as recruits for the Norwegian Armed Services....read more

The Story of Camp Norway

The Story of Camp Norway

The shooting phase of the Second World War started on the 1st of September, 1939, with the German invasion of Poland. Britain declared war on Germany on September 3rd and Canada followed suit on September 9th. The fall and winter of 1939/40 was the period of the so-called phoney war when there was not much happening on the ground in Europe. However, in the spring of 1940 it was a different story. The Germans invaded and occupied Denmark and Norway, overran the Netherlands and Belgium, drove the British from the continent at Dunkirk and defeated France. For our purposes, the key date is April 9th 1940, the day the Germans invaded Denmark and Norway. Denmark was quickly overrun and occupied but that was not the case in Norway. Though ill-prepared to face the might of the German military machine, the King and government rejected calls to surrender and resisted the invasion with whatever resources they could muster. They managed to hold out for two months but eventually had to accept the reality that they couldn't stand up to the Third Reich. 

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Halifax to Lunenburg Maritime Immigration - June 1753

Arriving on June 8th & 17th, 1753.  

Approximately 1453 passengers & 158 armed troops on board.
Now it is my opinion that these Sloops would average about 60' x 24' and the Schooners about 65' x 16' and each would be capable of transporting from 40 to 60 persons and the voyage from Halifax to Lunenburg that took approximately 12 hours (with a fair wind).  It is also my opinion that these ships were mostly from the Eastern Seaboard and principally Massachusetts and Virginia.

Governor Cornwallis Letter

Governor Cornwallis in his letter to the Lords of Trade, dated Chebucto, 24th July, 1749, says: The number of settlers—men, women and children—is 1,400, but I beg leave to observe to your Lordships that amongst them the number of industrious, active men proper to undertake and carry on a new settlement, is very small.

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